Cities and regions


Gabala is one of the most beautiful parts of Azerbaijan from ancient histories. For a long time this city was the capital of Caucasian Albania. Gabala was located in the middle of the Great Silk Road, thus, trade and cultural exchange were developed here. One of the interesting places in Gabala is the village of Nij. Representatives of the generation of ancient Caucasian Albanians - Udins settled in this area. They speak their own language, they guard the traditions that they inherited from their ancestors. The Udi temple of St. Elisey is considered a landmark. Mausoleum Imam - Baba, Juma - Mosque, waterfall "7 Beauties", which originates high in the mountains and cascades down seven times, Lake Nokhur, near Gabala and when we climb by the cable car to the mountain, here we can see all beauty of this land. In addition to walking in mountainous areas, adults and children can find entertainment in the large "Gabaland" amusement park.



The picturesque town of Sheki is located on the southern foothills of the Greater Caucasus. Sheki pleases the eyes with green valleys, springs, waterfalls, mineral springs and dense forests. Sheki preserves the spirit of antiquity and transmits the atmosphere of 17-18 centuries of Azerbaijan. There are many historical and architectural attractions. Inside Sheki (Nukha) fortress "Naryn-Gala" we will see Juma mosque, medieval baths, the Palace of Sheki khans. When building this palace, not a single nail and fastening elements were used. The palace is kept with a special solution, the recipe of which has not yet been restored. Shebeke - a multicolored glass mosaic on the windows adds a special paint to the palace. On the territory of the palace one can buy souvenirs made by artisans. To the north of the city you can see the ruins of an impregnable fortress of the 15th - 18th centuries - "Gelsersan-gerarsan" ("You will come, you will see"). Sheki, like many other cities of Azerbaijan, was on the Great Silk Road. There were many caravanserais, two of which were perfectly preserved today: the Upper and Lower Caravan - Saray. In the quiet village of Kish, near the town of Sheki, surrounded by mountains, there is an ancient and at the same time beautifully preserved Albanian church. Here is the Museum of Applied Arts, too. Walking along the streets, we will visit the workshop of the famous master of Shebeke, the weaving workshop, the museum of history and local lore and the shops, where delicious sweets, especially the famous Sheki baklava are cooked, the way of cooking which only the Sheki people know.



On the way to Gabala we will pass through Shemakha. Shemakha is a city rich in ancient history, through which the Great Silk Road passed. Shemakha was considered the center of carpet weaving. The carpet-weaving factory still functions here. We will visit the mausoleum of "Diri Baba", which means "Living Grandfather" in the sense of the immortal. According to some reports, the monument was built in 1402. This monument is called in different ways: a mausoleum, a tomb, a burial vault or a mosque. Many legends and mystical details wander around the neat two-story mausoleum, which stands out against the background of rock irregularities. Local people believe that if you put your hand on a stone inside a room in a rock and make a wish, then it will necessarily be fulfilled. Noteworthy are other historical monuments, such as the Juma mosque, the Shirvan khans tomb mausoleum of Seven Dombs (Yeddi Gumbez), the ruins of the Gyulistan citadel. Shemakha is beautiful not only with history, but also with rich nature, flora, fauna and mild climate. Medicinal plants of more than 50 species grow here. Home of the springs in Shemakha is considered "Gyrh Bulag" ("Forty springs") in the village of Pirguli. In this picturesque place you can enjoy fresh mountain air. There is also an astrophysical observatory named after Nasreddin Tusi.